Decisions on fishing quotas will not be finalised until October this year, as the department of forestry, fisheries and the environment is processing a record number of appeals against the allocation of fishing rights.
Appeals against the quotas allocated for the next 15 years in nine fishing sectors closed in July last year.
Minister Barbara Creecy told parliament’s Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment Committee on Tuesday that appeals against line fish quotas would be finalised by the end of February because of the timeframes of the fishing season. However, appeals in eight other sectors would take until October. These sectors are hake deep-sea, hake longline, South Coast rock lobster, small pelagic, KwaZulu-Natal crustacean trawl, demersal shark, squid, and tuna.
The successful applicants are able to fish but not those who were refused and have launched an appeal.
The Fishing Rights Allocation Process (FRAP) has drawn criticism from fishers, with fishers from Cape Town and Saldanha Bay who had applied for commercial fishing rights calling for the whole process to be restarted.
Deputy director general of fisheries Sue Middleton told parliament that the department had never received as many appeals. Of the 2 700 applications received for commercial fishing rights, 710 had been successful. Middleton said that about 1 200 appeals across nine sectors had been received.
“The unfortunate reality of the rights allocation is that you are always going to get more applications than you can accommodate and people are going to be unsuccessful,” she said.
A system that continues failing
The DA shadow minister David Bryant said many fishers “have been failed by this process and it’s very clear that not enough has been done to help them… especially those who come from traditional fishing communities, who only know fishing, and who grew up with their hands in the water”.
He said many fishers had not been “able to fish in a way that they have fished for generations” for a year now.
MP Annerie Weber (DA) raised concerns about what fishers would do for nearly ten months while they are waiting for the appeals process to be completed. “This is their livelihood; they cannot fish; they cannot do anything,” she said.
Meanwhile, MP Nazier Paulsen (EFF) added that the FRAP process was “a complete failure”, that it was “denying our people access to the ocean” and that the process should be overturned.
Creecy said every appeal was being looked at thoroughly. “The reason you have an appeals process is to correct errors in the initial process.” Every new appeal would be rescored and every issue raised in the appeal would be looked at, she said.
She explained that fishing resources across all sectors were under stress, “as a result of historical fishing practices and as a result of natural phenomena such as climate change and its impact on ocean currents and fish migration”.
Not able to make ends meet
Jacobus Poggenpoel, whose family has been fishing in Kalk Bay for five generations, told GroundUp that the family has had to close down their factory because they can’t afford rent and maintenance. Their fishers haven’t gone out on the ocean for months now, and their two boats are standing idle in Kalk Bay harbour.
Poggenpoel was a category A applicant for the pelagic sector, meaning that he held a fishing right for the fishing sector before. Applicants in Category B did not hold a right in the sector they were applying for before but had rights in another sector while category C applicants were newcomers.
Poggenpoel said his livelihood was at a standstill until October. “What do you do in the meantime?” he asked.
The full article was originally written by Liezel Human on GroundUp.
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