Small-scale fishing rights have been granted for 15 years across the Western Cape after a long battle, the department of forestry, fisheries, and the environment (DFFE) announced on Wednesday 15 November. This means that 62 fishing cooperatives, consisting of 3 850 small-scale fishers, will be set up across the province.
The finalisation of small-scale fishing rights has been delayed in the Western Cape for a few years. After several complaints about the 2016-2019 rights allocation process, when only 29% of applicants were granted rights, the DFFE minister Barbara Creecy approached the Western Cape High Court to review the process. The court set the rights allocation process aside in August 2022, and a new process was started soon afterwards.
This time around, 93% of applicants were granted small-scale fishing rights.
These rights, which are granted only to fishers belonging to co-operatives, include the right to fish for subsistence, to process the fish and to sell it. Before provision was made for the small-scale fishing sector, only recreational, commercial, and subsistence fishing was recognised.
Other worries persist
Fishing rights were granted to cooperatives in the Northern Cape in 2018, KwaZulu-Natal in 2019, and the Eastern Cape in 2020.
Fishers welcomed the granting of permits, said Carmen Mannarino, programme manager at Masifundise. But, she said, there were worries about what species they would be allowed to fish.
Recently the DFFE reduced the total allowable catch allocations (for all kinds of fisheries) for West Coast rock lobster by more than 16% for the 2023-2024 fishing season.
A fisher from Arniston, Rovina Europa, said this meant the DFFE was “giving crumbs to fishermen”.
“People are struggling, poor, and they are hungry,” she said.
Europa said that from the Northern Cape to Cape Agulhas, “most households” depend on rock lobster for their livelihoods because “they know it is the only income which they can rely on”.
Resources under siege
Speaking at the media briefing on Wednesday, Sue Middleton, deputy director-general of fisheries management, said that the decision to reduce the total allowable catch for West Coast rock lobster wasn’t popular but that the “resource is under threat”.
“Unless we take drastic measures to address the situation, the resource will decline even further to unsustainable harvestable levels,” said Middleton.
The DFFE will now start setting up cooperatives and providing mentors to each cooperative. Creecy said on Wednesday that a lot more had to be done to support cooperatives and help the small-scale sector grow.
This article was first published on GroundUp.
Sign up for Mzansi Today: Your daily take on the news and happenings from the agriculture value chain.